Braille 
Displays 
The math appears on a braille display.


Braille 
Editing 


Braille 
Focus Highlighting 
Displays the full equation, but highlights a specific portion of the equation.
For example, the full equation, (x+3)/(y9), would be available, but dots 7 and 8 would be raised to place emphasis on a particular portion of the equation, such as (x+3). This is different from BrailleNavigation, which only displays the portion of the equation being navigated.


Braille 
Input 


Braille 
Navigation 
Reflects only the portion of the equation that is being navigated.
For example, in the equation, (x+3)/(y9), a user could navigate to the (x+3) portion and that would be the only part that displays. This is different from BrailleFocus Highlighting, which displays the full equation, but emphasizes the portion being navigated with additional notation.


Speech 
Editing 


Speech 
Input 


Speech 
Navigation 
Voices (or reads aloud) only the portion of the equation that is being navigated.


Speech 
Prosody 
Pauses are used to indicate groupings or functions, which help convey the meaning of mathematics.
For example, (x+3)/(y9)+5 would be read: "x plus three over y minus nine" with a slight pause before "plus five" to indicate the separate portions of the equation.


Speech 
Reads 
The math is voiced by a screen reader.


Speech 
Sound Effects 
Sounds are used to help convey meaning and explain the mathematics.
For example, higher and lower pitches might be applied to superscripts and subscripts to help indicate the relative position. Other examples of sound effects that might be applied to math expressions could be a "ding," "beep," or another tonal indicator that denotes the start and/or end of a particular function.


Visual 
Displays 
The math appears, or is rendered, visually.


Visual 
Editing 


Visual 
Focus Highlighting 
Displays the full equation, but is accompanied by a visual queue that highlights a specific character or portion of the equation.
For example, the full equation, (x+3)/(y9), would be available, but to place emphasis on a particular portion of the equation, such as (x+3), it would be highlighted. This is different from VisualNavigation, which only displays the portion of the equation being navigated.


Visual 
Input 


Visual 
Zoom (Magnification) 
Only reflects the portion of the equation that is being navigated and presents it in magnified form.
For example, in the equation, (x+3)/(y9), a user who zooms in on (x+3) would only see that portion of the equation and in much larger form. This is different from VisualFocus Highlighting, which displays the full equation, but only highlights the portion being navigated.

